Beijing is the capital of the People's Republic of China, it is the nation's political center. Situated in Northern China and partially surrounded by Hebei Province. The city of Beijing spans roughly 16,410 square kilometers and hosts a metropolitan population of 24,000,000+ split amongst its sixteen administrative districts.

History: With 3,000 or so years of history Beijing has had many names. Beijing, which means "Northern Capital", was applied to the city during the Ming Dynasty to distinguish it from Nanjing ("Southern Capital"). The English spelling is based on the pinyin romanization of the two characters as they are pronounced in Mandarin. The spelling, Peking, is dervied from the pronunciation of Chinese dialects spoken in the southern towns first visited by Europeans.

Climate: Beijing has hot, humid summers and cold, dry winters. The best time to visit is in September and October. Spring is warm and dry with the occasional dust storm. In summer tourists are everywhere; prevailing winds from the south trap pollutants (mountains lie to the north and west), making summer a poor season for air quality, but in Beijing there really is no great season for air quality. Winter on the other hand is cold and dry with infrequent snow. Temperatures can  fall below −10 °C (14°F) in winter, and rise above 35 °C (95°F) in summer.


Attractions: As one of the six ancient cities in China, it has been the heart and soul of politics and society throughout its long history and consequently. Now it has become one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world, with about 140 million Chinese tourists and 4.4 million international visitors in a year. The Great Wall, the Forbidden City, and Tiananmen Square have become the signature of Beijing, while the Bird's Nest became famous after the 2008 Olympics. The Temple of Heaven and Ming Tombs can give tourists that ancient Chinese feel.


The number of Non-Chinese: more than 125,000


Cost of Living:

Fast food combo meal: 30 RMB
Litre of milk: 11 RMB

8 km taxi journey: 35 RMB
Rent: around 4000-6000 RMB

Public Transport:
Beijing Capital International Airport is located in Chaoyang-Shunyi district and has two separate sites, so make sure you know which site you are flying out of.
Beijing subway has 22 (not all are completed) lines and 345+ stations. Ticket prices are 3 RMB for <6 kilometres and then an incremental system of 1 RMB for every 6, 10, 20 KM depending on overall distance traveled.
There are 5 train stations in Beijing: Beijing station/Beijing South station/Beijing West station/Beijing East station/Beijing North station prices vary accordingly.
There are 876 bus lines in Beijing.The ticket price is 2 RMB with .50 discount when using a Yikatong card, which is an all-in-one metro system card similar to the Oyster card used in London.

北京

Make your first stop, the right stop.

 

China Tourism